In a nutshell, the study of Ergonomics can be defined as
the scientific study of the relationship between man and
his working environment.
In management services this definition extends also to the improvement of the effects of the relationship.
Such improvements can include:
In the United States the discipline is known more generally as
human engineering which might give the impression
of the involvement of plastic surgery! This is far from the truth.
From the above list it can be seen that there is a clear association of ergonomics with method study.
A further association obtains in the area of human relations aspects. These include the various relationships the employee enjoys with the company, the management and supervision and with fellow workers.
As with inanimate contrivances the
mechanics of the human body, too, must be understood in order that solutions
to problems may be tackled as effectively as possible.
To meet these requirements reference to the human related disciplines must be made. These include the following.
These disciplines augment the more obvious ones of physics and metallurgy. Physics, in terms of heat, light and sound must be considered in workplace design to minimize adverse effects on the psychological and physiological aspects of the operator.
Work using ergonomics can be carried out in terms of
In this field, which includes the discipline of cybernetics, it is generally held that the workplace should be designed as one that integrates the operator with his/her machine into one unit. However, such integration must embody elements that include safety, efficiency and productivity. Good productivity can be achieved when the operator has a safe, contented and confident relationship with the workplace in addition to minimal effort spent on ineffective movements.